Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Vol 17, No 2 (2014)

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Effect of dynamic hip screw on the treatment of femoral neck fracture in the elderly

Zhao Wenbo, Liu Lei, Zhang Hui, Fang Yue, Pei Fuxing, Yang Tianfu

Abstract


Objective:To discuss the indications,
surgical procedures, and curative effect of dynamic hip screw (DHS) in the treatment of femoral neck fracture in the elderly.
Methods: A retrospective study was conducted
to analyse the clinical data of 42 elderly patients who had been treated for femoral neck fracture with DHS in our department between June 2009 and November 2011.
There were 21 males and 21 females with a mean age of 68.5 years (range 60-75 years). According to the Garden
Classification, there were 19 cases of type II, 21 cases of type III and 2 cases of type IV fractures. By the Singh Index Classification, there were 3 cases of level 2, 19 cases
of level 3 and 20 cases of level 4 fractures. The Harris criterion, complications and function recovery after opera-
tion were analysed.
Results:The average hospitalization time in 42 patients was 11.2 days (range 7-21 days). All patients were followed up for 12-26 months (mean 18 months). No lung infection, deep venous thrombosis or other complications occurred. Partial backing-out of the screws was
found in 2 cases. The internal fixation device was withdrawn after fracture healing. Internal fixation cutting was
found in 1 case, and he had a good recovery after total hip arthroplasty. The time for fracture healing ranged from 3-6 months (average 4.5 months). According to Harris criterion, 15 cases were rated as excellent, 24 good, 2 fair and
1 poor. The Harris scale was significantly improved from 30.52±2.71 preoperatively to 86.61±2.53 at 6 months postoperatively (P<0.05).
Conclusion: DHS, being minimal invasive, allowing early activity and weight-bearing, is advisable for treatment of elderly patients with femoral neck fracture. In addition, it can avoid complications seen in artificial joint replacement. It is especially suitable for patients with mild osteoporosis.

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