Quan Yuan,Meng Lu,Athanasios Theofilatos,Yi-Bing Li.[J].中华创伤杂志英文版,2017,20(1):20-26
Investigation on occupant injury severity in rear-end crashes involving trucks as the front vehicle in Beijing area, China
KeyWord: Rear-end crashTrucksContributing factorsInjury severity
Author NameAffiliation
Quan Yuan State Key Laboratory of Automotive Safety and Energy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China 
Meng Lu State Key Laboratory of Automotive Safety and Energy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China 
Athanasios Theofilatos National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece 
Yi-Bing Li State Key Laboratory of Automotive Safety and Energy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China 
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      Purpose: Rear-end crashes attribute to a large portion of total crashes in China, which lead to many casualties and property damage, especially when involving commercial vehicles. This paper aims to investigate the critical factors for occupant injury severity in the specific rear-end crash type involving trucks as the front vehicle (FV). Methods: This paper investigated crashes occurred from 2011 to 2013 in Beijing area, China and selected 100 qualified cases i.e., rear-end crashes involving trucks as the FV. The crash data were supplemented with interviews from police officers and vehicle inspection. A binary logistic regression model was used to build the relationship between occupant injury severity and corresponding affecting factors. Moreover, a multinomial logistic model was used to predict the likelihood of fatal or severe injury or no injury in a rear-end crash. Results: The results provided insights on the characteristics of driver, vehicle and environment, and the corresponding influences on the likelihood of a rear-end crash. The binary logistic model showed that drivers' age, weight difference between vehicles, visibility condition and lane number of road significantly increased the likelihood for severe injury of rear-end crash. The multinomial logistic model and the average direct pseudo-elasticity of variables showed that night time, weekdays, drivers from other provinces and passenger vehicles as rear vehicles significantly increased the likelihood of rear drivers being fatal. Conclusion: All the abovementioned significant factors should be improved, such as the conditions of lighting and the layout of lanes on roads. Two of the most common driver factors are drivers' age and drivers' original residence. Young drivers and outsiders have a higher injury severity. Therefore it is imperative to enhance the safety education and management on the young drivers who steer heavy duty truck from other cities to Beijing on weekdays.
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