Hamidreza Reihani,Hossein Pirazghandi,Ehsan Bolvardi,Mohsen Ebrahimi,Elham Pishbin,Koorosh Ahmadi,Mahdi Safdarian,Soheil Saadat,Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar.[J].中华创伤杂志英文版,2017,20(2):75-80
Assessment of mechanism, type and severity of injury in multiple trauma patients: A cross sectional study of a trauma center in Iran
  
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KeyWord: Accidents, trafficInjury severity scoreWounds and injuriesIran
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Author NameAffiliation
Hamidreza Reihani Emergency Medicine Department, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran 
Hossein Pirazghandi Emergency Medicine Department, Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran 
Ehsan Bolvardi Emergency Medicine Department, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran 
Mohsen Ebrahimi Emergency Medicine Department, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran 
Elham Pishbin Emergency Medicine Department, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran 
Koorosh Ahmadi Department of Emergency Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran 
Mahdi Safdarian Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 
Soheil Saadat Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 
Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 
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Abstract:
      Purpose: To accurately assess the mechanism, type and severity of injury in Iranian multiple trauma patients of a trauma center. Methods: Patients with multiple traumas referring to the emergency department of Hasheminejad University Hospital in Mashhad, Iran, entered this cross sectional study from March 2013 to December 2013. All the patients with injury severity score (ISS) > 9 were included in this study. Data analysis was performed by SPSS software (Version 11.5) and P values less than 0.05 were considered as significant differences. Results: Among the 6306 hospitalized trauma patients during this period, 148 had ISS>9. The male female ratio was 80%. The mean age of the patients was (33.5 ± 19.3) years. And 71% of the patients were younger than 44 years old. There were 19 (13%) deaths from which 68.5% were older than 44 years old. The mean transfer time from the injury scene to hospital was (55 ± 26) minutes. The most frequent mechanisms of injury were motorcycle crashes and falling from height, which together included 66.2% of all the injuries. A total of 84% of hospital deaths occurred after the first 24 h of hospitalization. Head and neck were the most common body injured areas with a prevalence of 111 cases (75%). Conclusion: Motorcycle crashes have high frequency in Iran. Since most victims are young males, injury prevention strategies should be considered to reduce the burden of injuries.
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