Pritish Singh,Ashok Kumar,Vishal Shekhawat.[J].中华创伤杂志英文版,2017,20(2):90-93
Scarf-related injuries at a major trauma center in northern India
  
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KeyWord: Scarf injuriesBelt driven machinesLacerationsMangled extremity fractures
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Author NameAffiliation
Pritish Singh Department of Orthopedics, Lok Nayak Hospital & Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi, India 
Ashok Kumar Department of Orthopedics, Maharaja Agarsen Medical College, Agroha, India 
Vishal Shekhawat Department of Orthopedics, Lok Nayak Hospital & Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi, India 
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Abstract:
      Purpose: Scarf is a long loose piece of cloth worn around the neck and shoulder. Despite cultural association of this apparel, it is part of numerous injury episodes of varying enormity. Entanglement of loose scarf in spoke wheels of bike, tricycle, belt driven machines like sugarcane juice machine, thresher, grinding machines, etc is observed both in social and industrial milieu. This study aims to investigate the scarf-related injuries at a major trauma center in northern India. Methods: From June 2013 to May 2015, a hospital-based prospective observational study was done in patients who presented to a level 1 trauma center in northern India with the mode of injury involving scarf around the neck. Demographic profile, mode of trauma, contributing factors, injury pattern, and the early management as well as early complications were recorded. Results: There were 76 injuries directly related from scarf with the mean age of patients being 32.4 years. The most common primary factor involved was rotating wheel of motorbike/tricycle (46.1%), followed by belt driven machines (28.9%). The spectrum of injuries was diverse, including minor abrasions or lacerations (53.9%), large lacerations (15.8%), fractures and spine trauma (18.4%), mangled extremity and amputations (7.9%) and death (3.9%). More severe injury patterns were noted with belt driven machines. Conclusion: Scarf-related injuries constitute a sizable proportion of trauma, with varying degrees of severity. Devastating consequences in significant proportion of cases dictate the call for a prevention plan comprising both educational and legislative measures. Urgent preventive measures targeting scarfrelated injuries will help reduce mortality and morbidity.
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