G.I. Nambi,Abhijeet Ashok Salunke,S.G. Thirumalaisamy,V. Lenin Babu,K. Baskaran,T. Janarthanan,K. Boopathi,Yong Sheng Chen.[J].中华创伤杂志英文版,2017,20(2):99-102
Single stage management of Gustilo type III A/B tibia fractures: Fixed with nail & covered with fasciocutaneous flap
  
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KeyWord: Tibial fractures, openFracture fixation, intramedullaryFasciocutaneous flapGustilo type III A/B
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Author NameAffiliation
G.I. Nambi Plastic & Reconstructive Microvascular Services, Kovai Medical Center & Hospital, Coimbatore 641014, India 
Abhijeet Ashok Salunke Department of Orthopaedics, Pramukswami Medical College, Srikrishna Hospital, Karamsad 388325, Anand, Gujrat, India 
S.G. Thirumalaisamy Department of Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Kovai Medical Center & Hospital, Coimbatore 641014, India 
V. Lenin Babu Department of Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Kovai Medical Center & Hospital, Coimbatore 641014, India 
K. Baskaran Department of Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Kovai Medical Center & Hospital, Coimbatore 641014, India 
T. Janarthanan Department of Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Kovai Medical Center & Hospital, Coimbatore 641014, India 
K. Boopathi Department of Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Kovai Medical Center & Hospital, Coimbatore 641014, India 
Yong Sheng Chen Department of Orthopedics, National University Hospital, Singapore 
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Abstract:
      Purpose: To evaluate the role of immediate and definitive management of Gustilo type III A/B tibia fractures with intramedullary nailing and fasciocutaneous flap. Methods: From August 2010 to July 2012, 22 patients with Gustilo Grade III A/B tibia fractures were managed with a single stage treatment of ipsilateral fasciocutaneous flap & reamed intramedullary nailing and were included in the study. The severity of the injury was calculated with Ganga Hospital injury severity score. Results: The mean age of patients was 41 years and the follow-up time ranged from six months to one year. Among the 22 patients, 73% were type III B fractures with upper leg involved in 55% of them. The time interval from injury to completion of surgery was 8e14 h. The incidence of bone infection requiring secondary procedure was 9%; the major and minor soft tissue complication rate was 9% and 14% respectively. The limb salvage rate was 100%. Conclusion: Multidisciplinary management of severe lower limb trauma is important and provides good outcomes. Intramedullary nailing and immediate flap fixation can achieve early bone union and good soft tissue coverage, leading to good outcomes in patient with Grade III A & B tibia fractures.
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