Jose Daniel Charry,Juan Daniel Ochoa,Jorman Harvey Tejada,Sandra Liliana Navarro-Parra,Nicolas Esquivel,Yolercy Vasques.[J].中华创伤杂志英文版,2017,20(5):275-277
Education in trauma: An educational alternative that promotes injury prevention
  
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KeyWord: ModelsEducationalTraumaInjury preventionAlcohol
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Author NameAffiliation
Jose Daniel Charry Research Department, Fundacion Universitaria Navarra, Uninavarra, Neiva, Colombia;Department of Medicine, Universidad Surcolombiana, Neiva, Colombia 
Juan Daniel Ochoa Department of Medicine, Universidad Surcolombiana, Neiva, Colombia 
Jorman Harvey Tejada Department of Medicine, Universidad Surcolombiana, Neiva, Colombia 
Sandra Liliana Navarro-Parra Research Department, Fundacion Universitaria Navarra, Uninavarra, Neiva, Colombia 
Nicolas Esquivel Research Department, Fundacion Universitaria Navarra, Uninavarra, Neiva, Colombia 
Yolercy Vasques Department of Medicine, Universidad Surcolombiana, Neiva, Colombia 
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Abstract:
      Purpose: As trauma is a public health problem, different programs have been designed to prevent injuries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational model that measures the adolescents' attitudes towards the rules of road safety, alcohol and road accidents in Colombia. Methods: A pedagogical model evaluating the effect of road safety education and adolescents' attitudes towards and experiences of alcohol and road accidents in Colombia was created. After the education concluded, this educational process is analyzed by its impact on adolescents' behavior. The educational program included 160 adolescents with the mean age being 17.5 years. Results: The test results indicated that before the educational program 80% of adolescents did not use a safety element when driving, while after the educational program the percentage of no helmet use among adolescents decreased from 72.5% to 24.3% (p=0.0001) and driving a vehicle under the state of drunkenness from 49.3% to 8.1% (p=0.0001). Conclusion: An educational model aimed at preventing injuries caused by traffic accidents is shown to be effective in generating changes in adolescents' customs of and attitudes towards alcohol and road safety standards in Colombia.
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