Manish Kiran,Colin Bruce,Harvey George,Neeraj Garg,Roger Walton.[J].中华创伤杂志英文版,2018,21(1):34-37
Intramedullary devices in the management of Judet III and IV paediatric radial neck fractures
KeyWord: Paediatric radial neck fracturesJudetMetaizeauTitanium Elastic Nail SystemLevel of evidence e IV
Author NameAffiliation
Manish Kiran Alder Hey Childrens' Hospital, Liverpool, United Kingdom 
Colin Bruce Alder Hey Childrens' Hospital, Liverpool, United Kingdom 
Harvey George Alder Hey Childrens' Hospital, Liverpool, United Kingdom 
Neeraj Garg Alder Hey Childrens' Hospital, Liverpool, United Kingdom 
Roger Walton Alder Hey Childrens' Hospital, Liverpool, United Kingdom 
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      Purpose: The aim of this study is to discuss the results of different intramedullary devices used in the management of paediatric radial neck fractures and to suggest methods to avoid the pitfalls of the technique. Methods: Thirty patients with isolated Judet III and IV fractures were included in this prospective study. Judet I and II fractures and radial neck fractures associated with other injuries were excluded. The final results were graded using the Metaizeau functional scoring system and Oxford Elbow Score. Results: The functional result was good to excellent in 24 of 30 cases (80%). The mean Oxford Elbow Score was 44.32. The mean follow-up was 40.11 months. The complications seen were radiocapitellar joint penetration e 6 cases at mean 4.87 weeks, redisplacement e 6, radial epiphyseal sclerosis e 5, and heterotopic ossification e 1 case. Conclusion: Intramedullary K wires may result in radiocapitellar joint penetration. Titanium Elastic Nail System should not be used as purely fixation devices as they may not prevent redisplacement. Regular follow-up until at least 6 weeks is essential. Patients who have a Judet IV fracture and need open reduction should be given a guarded prognosis. The paper highlights the pitfalls of the technique and makes recommendations regarding the type of implant, follow-up and patient counselling in Judet IV fractures.
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