Shazia Qayum,Rashid Anjum,Shagufta Rather.[J].中华创伤杂志英文版,2018,21(2):100-103
Epidemiological profile of pediatric ocular trauma in a tertiary hospital ofnorthern India
  
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KeyWord: Ocular traumaOpen globe injuriesClosed globe injuriesBirmingham eye trauma terminologysystemAdnexal injuriesPediatric ocular trauma
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Author NameAffiliation
Shazia Qayum Department of Ophthalmology, MMIMSR Mullana, Ambala, India 
Rashid Anjum Orthopedic & Trauma Surgeon J&K Health Services, Jammu, India 
Shagufta Rather Department of Ophthalmology, GMC, Jammu, India 
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Abstract:
      Purpose: Ocular trauma is one of the most common causes of acquired blindness in children. It measures about 8%-14% of total childhood injuries. This study aims to determine the epidemiological profile of ocular trauma in the pediatric age group attending a tertiary hospital in northern India. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in our hospital between June 2014 to July 2015 and all the children aged 0-16 years presenting with ocular trauma in eye outpatient department and emergency were enrolled in the study. Various epidemiological parameters like age, sex distribution, duration of presentation, mode of injury, type of injury and final visual outcome were analyzed. Results: Of total 357 patients, 271 (76%) were below the age of 12 years; 41.1% of children with ocular trauma belonged to age group 2-6 years. The male to female ratio was 2.9:1. Out of total patients, 242 (67.8%) presented with closed globe injury. Among the closed globe injury, the history of fall was present in about 35% of children, followed by trauma while playing with bat/ball (15.7%) and finger nail trauma (13.2%). Among open globe injury, trauma with needle, knife, glass and pen were common causes. Home was the most common place of injury (47.8%), followed by streets (17.9%) and playground (14.9%). Conclusion: Children are vulnerable to ocular trauma and need more supervision. Sharp objects like needles, knives, household chemicals like acids should be out of reach of children.
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