Subhajit Ghosh,Sameer Aggarwal,Vishal Kumar,Sandeep Patel,Prasoon Kumar.[J].中华创伤杂志英文版,2019,22(3):138-141
Epidemiology of pelvic fractures in adults: Our experience at a tertiary hospital
  
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KeyWord: Pelvic fracturesEpidemiologyIncidence
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Subhajit Ghosh Department of Orthopedics, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India 
Sameer Aggarwal Department of Orthopedics, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India 
Vishal Kumar Department of Orthopedics, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India 
Sandeep Patel Department of Orthopedics, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India 
Prasoon Kumar Department of Orthopedics, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India 
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Abstract:
      Purpose: Pelvic fractures are severe injuries and are often associated with multiple system injuries, exacerbating the overall outcome. In India, the incidence of pelvic fractures is on a rise due to suboptimal roads and traffics but related literature regarding the overall epidemiology of these injuries is scarce and scanty. Our aim was to study the epidemiology of patients admitted with pelvic fractures at a level 1 trauma centre in India. Methods: A 16-month (between September 2015 and December 2016) prospective observational study was carried out on trauma patients with pelvic fractures at a level 1 trauma centre of a tertiary care hospital. Demography of patients, mechanism of injuries and complications were recorded prospectively. Results: We observed 75 patients who presented with pelvic fractures, where 56 were males and 19 were females. Mean age of the study population was 37.57 years. Road traffic accidents were the most common mode of injuries. Lateral compression injuries were the most common pattern. Associated injuries frequently encountered were lower extremities and acetabulum fractures, blunt abdominal trauma, urogenital injuries and head injuries. Out of the 75 patients, 52 were treated surgically and 23 were managed by conservative methods. Associated injuries of the extremities, head, abdomen and urogenital system indicated a longer hospital stay. Conclusion: Pelvic fractures, although belong to a relatively rare trauma subset, cause a high morbidity and mortality with considerable burden on the economy. Proper road safety training and driving etiquettes along with its strict implementation in true sense and spirit are the need of the hour.
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