Wei Ren,Hai-Bo Li,Ji-Ke Lu,Yong-Cheng Hu.[J].中华创伤杂志英文版,2019,22(4):196-201
Undisplaced subtle ligamentous Lisfranc injuries, conservative or surgical treatment with percutaneous position screws?
  
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KeyWord: Undisplaced subtle ligamentous LisfrancinjuriesConservative managementSurgical managementPercutaneous position screwComplications
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Author NameAffiliation
Wei Ren Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300070, China Department of Orthopedic Surgery, United Family Hospital, Beijing 100015, China 
Hai-Bo Li Department of Orthopedic, Tianjin Hospital, Tianjin 300211, China 
Ji-Ke Lu Department of Orthopedic Surgery, United Family Hospital, Beijing 100015, China 
Yong-Cheng Hu Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300070, China Department of Orthopedic, Tianjin Hospital, Tianjin 300211, China 
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Abstract:
      Purpose: Undisplaced subtle ligamentous Lisfranc injuries are easy to miss or underestimate, and many cases are treated without surgical fixation. It has not yet widely known whether conservative treatment for undisplaced subtle ligamentous Lisfranc injuries may lead to a poor outcome. The purpose of this study is to compare the outcomes of conservative versus surgical management (percutaneous position screw) of undisplaced subtle ligamentous Lisfranc injury. Methods: We analysed 61 cases in this retrospective study, including 38 males and 23 females. Forty-one patients were managed conservatively, while 20 patients received surgical treatment involving minimal invasive percutaneous position screw. American orthopaedic foot &ankle society (AOFAS), foot function index (FFI, including FFI disability, FFI pain score and activity limitation scale) scores, Maryland foot score and short form-36 (SF-36) were recorded and compared after a follow-up of 10e16 months (average 12.3). Results: Patients in the surgical management group had higher scores in all evaluation methods (p < 0.05). The complications in the conservative management group had higher incidence, mainly including secondary diastasis (34.1% vs. 5.0%), joint stiffness after 3 months (82.9% vs. 0%), and secondary arthrodesis (12.2% vs. 0%). The highest rate of complication in surgical management group was temporary forefoot pain (55.0%). Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that the outcomes of the surgical management with percutaneous position screw fixation are better than the conservative management to treat undisplaced subtle ligamentous Lisfranc injuries. This study can serve as a resource for orthopaedic surgeons in recognizing and managing such injuries.
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