Saber Azami-Aghdash,Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani,Mohammad Saadati,Mohammad Mohseni,Hojatolah Gharaee.[J].中华创伤杂志英文版,2020,23(3):152-158
Experts’ perspectives on the application of public-private partnership policy in prevention of road traffic injuries
  
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KeyWord: Road traffic injuriesExperts' perspectivesPublic-private partnershipInjury prevention
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Author NameAffiliation
Saber Azami-Aghdash Tabriz Health Services Management Research Center, Health Management and Safety Promotion Research Institute, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran 
Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani Road Traffic Injury Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran 
Mohammad Saadati Road Traffic Injury Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran 
Mohammad Mohseni Health Management and Economics Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 
Hojatolah Gharaee Road Traffic Injury Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Health Center of Hamadan City, Hamadan University of Medical Science, Hamadan, Iran 
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Abstract:
      Purpose: Successful application experiences on public-private partnership (PPP) in different countries, suggest that PPP could be an option in road traffic injury (RTI) prevention. The present study aims at investigating the applicability of PPP policy in RTI prevention in Iran based on the experts’ perspectives. Methods: This is a qualitative study with grounded theory approach which has been conducted in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran in 2018. The participants were 22 experts in the field of RTIs selected using purposive sampling method. Data were collected by semi-structured interviews and analyzed with content-analysis method. Results: The results were classified under 5 main themes (applicability, scopes and services, challenges, advantages, and strategies) for applying PPP policy and 37 sub-themes. Due to the prevalence of RTIs, the present challenges in public sector, existence of qualified private sector, and successful experiences in other areas, there are opportunities for private sector partnership in prevention of RTIs. Private sector could participate in different scopes and services regarding RTI prevention, including road construction and maintenance, maintenance and provision of vehicles safety and public education. The main challenges including legislation issues, ambiguities in collaboration, political and organizational unsustainability, government's financial hardship and lack of experienced experts in the field of RTI. However, there are significant advantages including high efficiency in program implementation, covering the weaknesses of public sector, effective and efficient management on application of PPP in RTI prevention. The strategies include identifying and prioritizing the assignable activities, identifying the qualified private sector, developing PPP policies and legal frameworks, creating a common language between public and private parties, trying to meet the expectations of the private sector by public sector, developing a comprehensive and sound contract, and cultivating public culture to accept private sector in the field of RTI prevention. Conclusion: This study sought to determine whether PPP could be used as strategy to reduce the burden of RTIs in Iran. But it requires a lot of preliminary studies to provide the context and conditions for applying this policy
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