Sandip Kumar,Mahima,Dhiraj Kumar Srivastava,Pradip Kharya,Neha Sachan,K. Kiran.[J].中华创伤杂志英文版,2020,23(3):159-162
Analysis of risk factors contributing to road traffic accidents in a tertiary care hospital. A hospital based cross-sectional study
  
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KeyWord: Road traffic accidentsRisk factorsTertiary care hospital
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Author NameAffiliation
Sandip Kumar Department of Community Medicine, UPUMS, Saifai, Etawah, 206130, India 
Mahima Department of Community Medicine, UPUMS, Saifai, Etawah, 206130, India 
Dhiraj Kumar Srivastava Department of Community Medicine, UPUMS, Saifai, Etawah, 206130, India 
Pradip Kharya Department of Community Medicine, UPUMS, Saifai, Etawah, 206130, India 
Neha Sachan Department of Community Medicine, UPUMS, Saifai, Etawah, 206130, India 
K. Kiran Department of Community Medicine, UPUMS, Saifai, Etawah, 206130, India 
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Abstract:
      Purpose: Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are a public health issue and cost a lot to individuals, families, communities and nations. Trauma care systems in India are at a nascent stage of development. There is gross disparity between trauma services available in various parts of the country. Rural area in India has inefficient services for trauma care, due to the varied topography, financial constraints, and lack of appropriate health infrastructure. The present study is to study the trends of occurrence of RTA cases by month, week and time of accident occurrence as well as to research the types of vehicle involved in accidents and other various risk factors related to them. Methods: During 1st January 2017 to 31st December 2017, a hospital-based and cross-sectional study of RTA victims was conducted. The patients were admitted in emergency department of Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Sciences, Saifai, Etawah, when stabilized, they were shifted to the orthopaedics and surgery ward. Results: In the study, 654 road accident victims were included, of which the majority were males (77.5%) and the most of them belonged to rural (67%). RTA victims according to the month of occurrence majority were found in January (12.5%) and evening was time of a day with maximum accidents (32.1%). Mortality cases of RTA victims based on type of road user and it shows decreasing trend of mortality of motorcyclists (54.2%) followed by pedestrian (25.1%). Conclusion: There should be control over people driving vehicles under the influence of alcohol and drivers over-speeding and rash driving on urban roads as well as rural village roads.
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