Dan Bieler,Thomas Paffrath,Annelie Schmidt,Maximilian Vollmecke,Rolf Lefering,Martin Kulla,Erwin Kollig,Axel Franke,Sektion NIS of the German Trauma Society.[J].中华创伤杂志英文版,2020,23(4):224-232
Why do some trauma patients die while others survive? A matched-pair analysis based on data from Trauma Register DGU®
  
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KeyWord: Emergency medicineRegistriesMortalitySeverely injured patients
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Dan Bieler Department of Trauma Surgery and Orthopaedics, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, Burn Medicine, German Armed Forces Central Hospital Koblenz, Koblenz 56072, Germany
Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, Heinrich Heine University Hospital, Düsseldorf, 40225, Germany 
Thomas Paffrath Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Witten/Herdecke University, Faculty of Health e School of Medicine, Cologne, 51109, Germany 
Annelie Schmidt Department of Trauma Surgery and Orthopaedics, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, Burn Medicine, German Armed Forces Central Hospital Koblenz, Koblenz 56072, Germany 
Maximilian Vollmecke Department of Trauma Surgery and Orthopaedics, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, Burn Medicine, German Armed Forces Central Hospital Koblenz, Koblenz 56072, Germany 
Rolf Lefering Institute for Research in Operative Medicine, Witten/Herdecke University, Cologne, 51109, Germany 
Martin Kulla Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, German Armed Forces Hospital Ulm, Ulm, 89081, Germany 
Erwin Kollig Department of Trauma Surgery and Orthopaedics, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, Burn Medicine, German Armed Forces Central Hospital Koblenz, Koblenz 56072, Germany 
Axel Franke Department of Trauma Surgery and Orthopaedics, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, Burn Medicine, German Armed Forces Central Hospital Koblenz, Koblenz 56072, Germany 
Sektion NIS of the German Trauma Society Committee on Emergency Medicine, Intensive Care and Trauma Management (Sektion NIS) of the German Trauma Society (DGU), Germany 
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Abstract:
      Purpose: The mortality rate for severely injured patients with the injury severity score (ISS) 16 has decreased in Germany. There is robust evidence that mortality is influenced not only by the acute trauma itself but also by physical health, age and sex. The aim of this study was to identify other possible influences on the mortality of severely injured patients. Methods: In a matched-pair analysis of data from Trauma Register DGU®, non-surviving patients from Germany between 2009 and 2014 with an ISS 16 were compared with surviving matching partners. Matching was performed on the basis of age, sex, physical health, injury pattern, trauma mechanism, conscious state at the scene of the accident based on the Glasgow coma scale, and the presence of shock on arrival at the emergency room. Results: We matched two homogeneous groups, each of which consisted of 657 patients (535 male, average age 37 years). There was no significant difference in the vital parameters at the scene of the accident, the length of the pre-hospital phase, the type of transport (ground or air), pre-hospital fluid management and amounts, ISS, initial care level, the length of the emergency room stay, the care received at night or from on-call personnel during the weekend, the use of abdominal sonographic imaging, the type of X-ray imaging used, and the percentage of patients who developed sepsis. We found a significant difference in the new injury severity score, the frequency of multi-organ failure, hemoglobine at admission, base excess and international normalized ratio in the emergency room, the type of accident (fall or road traffic accident), the pre-hospital intubation rate, reanimation, in-hospital fluid management, the frequency of transfusion, tomography (whole-body computed tomography), and the necessity of emergency intervention. Conclusion: Previously postulated factors such as the level of care and the length of the emergency room stay did not appear to have a significant influence in this study. Further studies should be conducted to analyse the identified factors with a view to optimising the treatment of severely injured patients. Our study shows that there are significant factors that can predict or influence the mortality of severely injured patients.
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